1855 Bordeaux Classification

The year was 1855 and Napoleon III only wanted the best wines on display for the 1855 Paris Expo. Napoleon decided to request a classification system for the Bordeaux wines according to their reputation and trading price. The resulting red wine classification, which still stands today, includes 60 chàteaux from the Médoc (+1 Graves) graded into five growths. White wines, which were not of the same importance at the time, were only limited to sweet kinds, such as Sauternes and Barsac.

Since 1855, there has only been one significant change, despite intensive lobbying from different stakeholders. In 1973, Mouton Rothschild was elevated from a second to a first growth. Below the 1855 classification, you will find the 1959 classification.

First Growths (Premiers Crus)

Second Growths (Deuxièmes Crus)

Third Growths (Troisièmes Crus)

  • Château Boyd-Cantenac (Margaux)
  • Château Calon-Ségur
  • Château Cantenac-Brown (Margaux)
  • Château Desmirail (Margaux)
  • Château d'Issan (Margaux)
  • Château Ferrière (Margaux)
  • Château Giscours (Margaux)
  • Château Kirwan (Margaux)
  • Château La Lagune (Haut-Médoc)
  • Château Lagrange (Saint-Julien)
  • Château Langoa Barton(Saint-Julien)
  • Château Malescot-St Exupery (Margaux)
  • Château Marquis-d'Alesme-Becker (Margaux)
  • Château Palmer (Margaux)

Fourth Growths (Quatrièmes Crus)

Fifth Growths (Cinquièmes Crus)

  • Château Batailley (Pauillac)
  • Château Belgrave (Haut-Médoc)
  • Château Camensac (Haut-Médoc)
  • Château Cantemerle (Haut-Médoc)
  • Château Clerc Milon (Pauillac)
  • Château Cos Labory (Pauillac)
  • Château Croizet-Bages (Pauillac)
  • Château Dauzac Labarde (Margaux)
  • Château du Tertre (Margaux)
  • Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse (Pauillac)
  • Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste (Pauillac)
  • Château Haut-Bages-Libéral (Pauillac)
  • Château Haut-Batailley (Pauillac)
  • Château Lynch-Bages (Pauillac)
  • Château Lynch-Moussas (Pauillac)
  • Château d'Armalhac (Pauillac)
  • Château Pedesclaux (Pauillac)
  • Château Pontet-Canet (Pauillac) 

Sauternes-Barsac Classification

First Great Growth (Premier Cru Supérieur)

First Growths (Premiers Crus)

  • Château Climens (Barsac)
  • Château Clos Haut-Peyraguey (Bommes)
  • Château Coutet (Barsac)
  • Château de Rayne-Vigneau (Bommes)
  • Château Guiraud (Sauternes)
  • Château La Tour-Blanche (Bommes)
  • Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey (Bommes)
  • Château Rabaud-Promis (Bommes)
  • Château Rieussec (Fargues)
  • Château Sigalas-Rabaud (Bommes)
  • Château Suduiraut (Preignac)

Second Growths (Deuxièmes Crus)

  • Château d'Arche (Sauternes)
  • Château Broustet (Barsac)
  • Château Caillou (Barsac)
  • Château de Malle (Preignac)
  • Château de Myrat (Barsac)
  • Château Doisy-Daëne (Barsac)
  • Château Doisy-Dubroca (Barsac)
  • Château Doisy-Védrines (Barsac)
  • Château Filhot (Sauternes)
  • Château Lamothe-Despujols (Sauternes)
  • Château Lamothe-Guignard (Sauternes)
  • Château Nairac (Barsac)
  • Château Romer-du-Hayot (Fargues)
  • Château Suau (Barsac) 

Graves Classification 

Reds

Whites

  • Château Bouscaut
  • Château Carbonnieux
  • Château Couhins
  • Château Couhins-Lurton
  • Château Latour-Martillac
  • Château Laville-Haut-Brion
  • Château Oliver
  • Domaine de Chevalier

Saint-Émilion Classification

The wines of Saint-Émilion were classified in 1955 according to quality and this classification was to be revised every 10 years. This classification was revised, although not on schedule, in 1969, 1979, 1984, and 2006. The most recent revision, in 2006, was actually not finalized until 2012 because some producers caused some contention when their product was demoted. The new classification took effect for the 2012 vintage, which was released in 2014.

The neighbouring Pomerol District does not have an official classification system, however, we have listed Pomerol’s finest producers at the bottom of this page to use as a guide. 

Premier Grand Cru Classé A 

Premier Grand Cru Classé B 

  • Château Beau-Séjour-Bécot
  • Château Beausejour (Duffau-Lagarrosse)
  • Château Belair-Monange
  • Château Canon
  • Château Canon la Gaffeliere
  • Château Figeac
  • Château La Gaffeliere
  • Château Larcis Ducasse
  • Château La Mondotte
  • Château Magdelaine
  • Château Pavie-Macquin
  • Château Troplong Mondot
  • Château Trottevieille
  • Château Valandraud
  • Clos Fourtet 

Grand Cru Classé

  • Château L’Arrosée
  • Château Balestard la Tonnelle
  • Château Barde-Haut
  • Château Bellefont-Belcier
  • Château Bellevue
  • Château Berliquet
  • Château Cadet-Bon
  • Château Capdemourlin
  • Château Le Châtelet
  • Château Chauvin
  • Château Clos de Sarpe
  • Château La Clotte
  • Château La Commanderie
  • Château Corbin
  • Château Côte de Baleau
  • Château La Couspaude
  • Château Dassault
  • Château Destieux
  • Château La Dominique
  • Château Faugeres
  • Château Faurie-de-Souchard
  • Château de Ferrand
  • Château Fleur-Cardinale
  • Château La Fleur Morange
  • Château Fombrauge
  • Château Fonplegade
  • Château Fonroque
  • Château Franc-Mayne
  • Château Grand Corbin
  • Château Grand Corbin Despanges
  • Château Grand Mayne
  • Château Les Grandes Murailles
  • Château Grand-Pontet
  • Château Guadet
  • Château Haut Sarpe
  • Château Jean Faure
  • Château Laniote
  • Château Larmande
  • Château Laroque
  • Château Laroze
  • Château La Marzelle
  • Château Monbousquet
  • Château Moulin du Cadet
  • Château Pavie-Decesse
  • Château Petit-Faurie-de-Soutard
  • Château de Pressac, Château Le Prieur
  • Château Quinault l'Enclos
  • Château Ripeau
  • Château Rochebelle
  • Château Saint-Georges Côte Pavie
  • Château Sansonnet, Château La Serre
  • Château Soutard, Château Terte-Daugay
  • Château La Tour Figeac
  • Château Villemaurine
  • Château Yon-Figeac
  • Clos de l'Oratoire
  • Clos des Jacobins
  • Clos La Madeleine
  • Clos Saint-Martin
  • Couvent des Jacobins

Pomerol's Finest Producers

Blaye

Blaye is a town in France that sits just north of Bourg. It is also a large Right Bank wine-producing district of over 19,000 acres. Blaye’s white and red wines are usually undistinguished. However, the best vineyards, entitled to the Premières Côtes de Blaye appellation, offer wine drinkers soft, rich and fruity reds based on the Merlot grape. Other permitted red grape varieties include Cabernets Sauvignon and Franc, and Malbec.

Top producers include:

  • Château Bel Air La Royère
  •  Château Gigault Cuvée Viva
  • Château La Croix de Perenne
  • Château Les Grandes Maréchaux
  • Château Prieuré Malésan

Bourg

The Côtes de Bourg is a beautiful, hilly district of around 10,000 acres. Medieval fort ruins can be spotted on the hillsides and stunning views can be found looking over the Gironde Estuary. Similar to Blaye, Bourg provides the wine drinker with fruity, early-accessible reds with zest and appeal. The Bourg district is actually a part of Blaye and you can catch a ferry from the ancient village port of Bourg itself to Margaux on the other side of the Gironde.

Top producers include: 

  • Château Fougas-Maldorer
  • Château Grand Maison
  • Château Guerry
  • Château Martinat
  • Château Roc des Cambes

Castillon

The Côtes de Castillon (7,500 acres), situated 40.23 km, is truly the most exciting satellite appellation. It’s an excellent source of high quality and value Bordeaux. Robert Parker, a leading U.S wine critic, praised Castillion as being  “…the most fashionable of all the Bordeaux satellite appellations.” The soil featured in The Côtes de Castillon is a direct continuation of those in Saint-Èmilion, which has attracted some of Bordeaux’s finest wine makers.

Top producers include: 

  • Château Clos des Lunelles
  • Château d’Aiguilhe
  • Château Cap de Faugères
  • Château Clos l’Eglise
  • Château Clos-Puy-Arnaud
  • Château Dubois-Grimon Domaine de l’A
  • Château Joanin-Bécot
  • Château Veyry
  • Château Vieux Champs de Mars

Fronsac and Canon-Fronsac

The 3,000 acres of Fronsac’s Vinyards circle the town of Fronsac, which is located just northwest of Saint-Émilion. In the 19th Century, these vineyards were more famous than the neighbouring Pomerol and Saint-Émilion. However, Fronsac slipped into obscurity when Pomerol became easier to access. Now, the emphasis is on the sifter, medium-bodied wines, opposed to the big and tannic wines of the past. Fronsac’s wines are based on Cabernet Franc with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Malbec in support. Canon-Fronsac is a small sub-appellation that generally produces better wines.

Lalande-de-Pomerol

Lalande-de-Pomerol is located just north of Pomerol and exclusively produces red wine using the Melot grape. The 2500+ acres feature light, gravelly and sandy soil. The district’s finest wines are of equal quality with mid-level Pomerol, yet are much more accessible and lighter in style. The number of producers in the district has increased, resulting in great value for bargain hunters.

Top producers include:

  • Château Bertineau Saint-Vincent
  • Château de Chambrun
  • Château Grand Ormeau
  • Château Jean de Gué
  • Château La Fleur de Boüard
  • Château Le Plus de la Fleur
  • Château Les Cruzelles
  • Château Les Gravières

Bordeaux Satellite Appellations

Bordeaux’s Right Bank districts have experienced resurgence over the last decade. Select elite groups of local growers and an injection of knowledgeable new winemakers from nearby Pomerol and Saint-Émilion have led the resurgence.

This leap in quality has made these underrated Bordeaux districts a fertile ground for wine drinkers rather than investors, who simply cannot afford the climbing prices of the Médoc and similar areas. Please refer to our vintage guide for these district’s best wines from 2000 onwards.